Many gardeners worry about nitrogen deficiency in green beans: What causes this issue?
Green beans are relatively easy crops to grow. They can thrive with all the right conditions including soil, temperature, and fertilizer.
But it is also common to encounter certain issues with these plants. One of these concerns is nitrogen deficiency.
Today, we will talk about the causes of nitrogen deficiency in plants and ways to control this issue. Keep reading to learn more!
Nitrogen Deficiency in Green Beans – What are the Causes?
Green beans are a great addition to your meals.
They are excellent when steamed, roasted, stir-fried, and so much more. Moreover, these are highly nutritious vegetables that give your body a good amount of protein and fiber.
If you decide to grow these crops, you will be pleased to know that they are actually pretty simple to care for. In fact, these are self-supporting plants. With the best soil and the right pH level, you can expect a great yield.
However, it is worth noting that nitrogen deficiency in green beans can be a concern that some gardeners experience. For instance, they may notice their crops looking weak and prone to diseases.
Nutrients Required by Your Plants
Beans need nitrogen for leaf growth and for optimal photosynthesis.
When you notice the leaves turning yellow, it is one sign of nitrogen deficiency. Moreover, the overall appearance of your crop is rather pale and weak.
The good news is that beans have that unique ability to produce nitrogen on their own. Yet, it may not be possible when there is a severe deficiency of this nutrient present in your crop. Thus, you will have to check the soil first to determine any issue with nitrogen supply.
Keep in mind that too much nitrogen is not good for your crops. While it can cause the leaves to grow faster, there is a drawback to the plant’s ability to produce fruit.
You may simply dust your crops with some seed inoculant. This will allow them to produce nitrogen at the right level – one that is suitable to the needs of your green bean plants.
Check out this video to learn more about nitrogen deficiency in plants and how it impacts your crops:
Additionally, you need to pay attention to another nutrient your plant needs, which is phosphorus. What this does is to facilitate cell growth, fruit production, and reproduction. The easiest way to tell if there is a phosphorus deficiency present is when your plant’s growth is stunted. On the other hand, too much phosphorus causes the fruit to become bitter.
How to Identify Nitrogen Deficiency in Green Beans
It is a fact that nitrogen is present on this planet. But how is it that some plants such as green beans still need it when nitrogen is available in the air?
Unhealthy soil makes it hard for these plants to have access to nitrogen. Furthermore, plants need nitrogen that is already converted into a form that is available in the soil. This is what happens during nitrogen fixation or as a product of composting manure and plants.
If you need to know if your crops are deficient in nitrogen, it is best to test the soil. You will be able to tell if there is a good level of nitrogen for your plants to use.
There are two ways to test the soil for nitrogen content – one is to buy a soil test kit, and another option is to have a professional test the soil for you.
If you wish to conduct the test yourself, you should be able to find a test kit at plant nurseries or hardware stores. These kits are generally easy to use, so you can have an idea on your soil’s content and nitrogen level.
All About the pH Level of Your Soil
In addition to testing the soil for nitrogen components, you need to determine the pH level.
Beans are not necessarily tricky crops. However, they thrive in soil with a pH level of 6 to 6.8. If the pH level is not the desired level, this slows down the growth rate of your crop. The alkalinity or acidity level impact their health and production.
Thus, you may notice your green beans looking weak and more susceptible to diseases. In most cases, the soil in coastal climates are mostly acidic. This is why it requires some agricultural lime to boost its pH level. You need to add this material several months before you plant your crops due to its slow-release action.
Things You Can Do to Improve Nitrogen Deficiency in Green Beans
Once you have determined the level of nitrogen in your plants, you can start taking action.
For instance, you should add some compost to the soil. No matter what the test result is, adding compost is pivotal to your crop’s growth and development.
I recommend that you work about 2 to 4 inches of compost into the plant bed. This helps to reduce the chances of a soil crust. Compost also improves moisture retention, drainage, and adds some beneficial microorganisms to the soil. It can also thwart pests and diseases to enhance your yields.
Optimal Planting Temperature
Next, pay attention to the desirable planting climate. Green beans thrive in the warm season. Thus, you need to plant them when the soil is at a minimum temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
When you sow seeds, be sure they are at least an inch deep and with a distance of 2 to 4 inches per seed.
Additionally, you should maintain the moist quality of the soil while allowing the seeds to germinate. Once germination has begun and the plants have emerged, make it a point to thin them up to 4 inches. You also need to mulch with some grass clippings, leaves, or wood chips to keep the soil moist and at its ideal temperature.
Nitrogen deficiency in green beans is a serious issue that can impact the life of your crops. Be sure to apply the tips presented here to prevent this problem and maintain the best condition of your crops for a great return on your investment!